An EORI number registration is a European Union registration and identification number (EORI) for businesses that want to import or export goods into or out of the EU. Since Regulation (EC) No 312/2009 amending provisions for the implementation of the Customs Code came into force on 1 July 2009. EORI number is assigned by the member state where your company is established. Once you have an EORI number, this number will be valid in all other EU member states.
What is Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number?
Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number is required by a company or person. Who carrying out custom activities in the European Union (EU) and UK. EORI is mandatory if an engaged in import and export of goods under a transit process. In the UK, an EORI number is allocated to an importer and exporter by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). The EORI number is necessary for all customs-related matters. It must therefore be available before the activity takes place.
Who needs an EORI?
An importer or exporter can use this number for the purpose of custom access declaration and custom clearance from the EU or countries out of the EU. These two groups import or export goods from non-EU countries and need an EORI number. Economic operators not established in the customs territory of the Union also need an EORI number. This also applies to companies based outside the EU and trade within Europe.
How to apply EORI number?
- Business established in the customs territory of the European Union should request the assignment of the EORI number. The customs authorities of the country will issues the EORI number.
- Business not established in the customs territory of the European Union should request the assignment of the EORI number to the customs authorities of the EU country responsible for the place where they first lodge a declaration or apply for a decision.
- Business in EORI number in UK, you need your:
- Government Gateway user ID and password
- Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR)
- Business starts date and Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code
- VAT number and effective date of registration (if you’re VAT registered) – these are on your VAT registration certificate
If your business is non resident in the UK, you do not need a Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code or a Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR).